A Justiça Parcial e a Ganância enquanto virtude e vício do caráter na Ética a Nicômaco: ação interpessoal, emoção e prazer

  • André Luiz Cruz Sousa Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Keywords: Justice, Pleonexia, Nicomachean ethics

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study a set of three issues related to the understanding of partial justice and partial injustice as character dispositions, namely the distinctive circumstance of action, the emotion involved therein and the pleasure or pain following it. Those points are treated in a relatively obscure way by Aristotle, especially in comparison with their treatment in the expositions of other character virtues in the Nicomachean Ethics. Building on the expression ‘capacity towards the other’ (δύναμις ἐν τῷ πρὸς ἕτερον), the paper highlights the interpersonal nature of the circumstances of just and unjust actions, and points how such nature is directly related to notions such as ‘profit’ (κέρδος) or ‘getting more’(πλεονεκτεῖν) as well as to the unusual conception of excess, defect and intermediacy in Nicomachean Ethics Book V. The interpersonal nature of just and unjust actions works also as the starting-point for the interpretation both of the pleasure briefly mentioned in 1130b4 as characterizing the greedy person and of the emotion involved in acting justly or greedy, which is mentioned in an extremely elliptical way in 1130b1-2: the paper argues, on the one hand, that the pleasure felt in acting justly or unjustly concerns not only the goods that are the object of just or unjust interactions, but also the way such interactions affect the people involved; on the other hand, it argues that the emotion actuated in just or unjust interactions relates to the agent’s concern or lack of concern with the good of those people.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Obras de Aristóteles

Bywater, I. Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea. (Oxford Classical Texts, 1894).

Jaeger, W. Aristotelis Metaphysica. (Oxford Classical Texts, 1957).

Kenyon, F.G. Aristotelis Atheniensium Respublica. (Oxford Classical Texts, 1920).

Ross, W.D. Aristotelis De Anima. (Oxford Classical Texts, 1956).

Walzer, R.R., Mingay, J.R. Aristotelis Ethica Eudemia. (Oxford Classical Texts, 1991).

Demais Obras

Beekes, R.S.P. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Two Volumes. (Leiden: Brill, 2010).

Chantraine, P. Dictionnaire Étymologique de la Langue Grecque. Histoire des Mots. Avec un Supplément sous la direction de Alain Blanc, Charles de Lamberterie, Jean-Louis Perpillou. (Paris : Klincksieck, 1999).

Gauthier, R.A.; Jolif, Y.J. (ed.). Aristote. L’ Éthique à Nicomaque. Tome II – Premiére Partie. Commentaire. Livres I-V. (Louvain-La-Neuve, Éditions Peeters, 2002).

Grant, A. The Ethics of Aristotle. Illustrated with Essays and Notes. Volume II. Fourth Edition, Revised. (London: Longmans, Green and Co, 1885).

Jackson, H. The Fifth Book of the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. (Cambridge University Press, 1879).

Kraut, R. Aristotle. Political Philosophy. (Oxford University Press, 2002).

MacIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue. A Study in Moral Theory. (University of Notre Dame Press, 1984).

Natali, Carlo. “The search for definitions of justice in Nicomachean Ethics V” in Henry, D./Nielsen, K.M. (ed.) Bridging the Gap between Aristotle’s Science and Ethics. (Cambridge University Press, 2015, p.148-168). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511846397.009

Schofield, Malcom. “Aristotle’s Political Ethics” in KRAUT, R. (org.). The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. (Blackwell Publishing, 2006, p. 305-322). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470776513.ch14

Stewart, J.A. Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1892).

Tomás de Aquino. Sancti Thomae De Aquino. Opera Omnia Iussu Leonis XIII P. M. Edita. Tomus XLVII. Sententia Libri Ethicorum. Volumen II. Liber Quintus. (Romae: Sanctae Sabinae, 1969).

Williams, Bernard. “Justice as Virtue” in Rorty, A. O. (org.). Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. (University of California Press, 1980, p.189-200).

Young, C.M. “Aristotle’s Justice” in Kraut, R. (org.). The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. (Blackwell Publishing, 2006, p.179-197). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470776513.ch8

Zingano, Marco. Ethica Nicomachea I 13- III 8: Tratado da Virtude Moral. Tradução, Notas e Comentários. (São Paulo: Odysseus, 2008).

Zingano, M. Ethica Nicomachea V 1-15: Tratado da Justiça. Estudo, Tradução e Comentários. (São Paulo: Odysseus, 2017).

Published
2019-12-05
How to Cite
Sousa, A. L. (2019). A Justiça Parcial e a Ganância enquanto virtude e vício do caráter na Ética a Nicômaco: ação interpessoal, emoção e prazer. Journal of Ancient Philosophy, 13(2), 109-145. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1981-9471.v13i2p109-145
Section
Articles