Post-discharge surveillance and ITS impact ON surgical site infection incidence

  • Adriana Cristina Oliveira Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFGM; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Suely Itsuko Ciosak Universidade de São Paulo - USP; Escola de Enfermagem
  • Claudia D'Lorenzo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG; Faculdade de Medicina
Keywords: Infection control, Cross infection, Obesity morbid, Bariactric surgery

Abstract

Because of their high incidence and associated repercussions, Surgical Site Infections (SSI) are an important problem among hospital-acquired infections. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of SSIs in patients submitted to morbid obesity and gastric surgeries for other causes during the hospitalization and post-discharge periods. In this survey, conducted in two teaching hospitals in the city of São Paulo between August of 2001 and March of 2002, in accordance to the NISS methodology, 158 patients were followed - 81 had been submitted to morbid obesity surgeries and 77 to gastric surgeries for other causes. In 64 cases there occurred SSI, of which 6.3% during hospitalization and 34.1% after discharge. During hospitalization, the incidence of SSI was 5% in the morbid obesity surgeries group and 7.8% in the gastric surgeries for other causes group; in the post-discharge period, the figures increased to 55.5% and 24.7% respectively. These results confirm the importance of following surgical patients after discharge and demonstrate that post-discharge surveillance is an important tool for obtaining dependable data and redirect SSI's prevention and control policies.

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Published
2007-12-01
How to Cite
Oliveira, A., Ciosak, S., & D’Lorenzo, C. (2007). Post-discharge surveillance and ITS impact ON surgical site infection incidence. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 41(4), 653-679. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342007000400016
Section
Original Article