Gastric myoelectrical activity in neonates of different gestational ages by means of electrogastrography

Authors

  • Alexander Roberto Precioso University of Sao Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clinicas; Children's Institute
  • Gilberto R. Pereira Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; Division of Neonatology
  • Flávio Adolfo Costa Vaz University of Sao Paulo; Faculty of Medicine; Hospital das Clinicas; Children's Institute

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812003000200005

Keywords:

Electrogastrography, Gastric myoelectrical activity, Neonates, Different gestational ages, Pre-and postprandial periods

Abstract

PURPOSE: to describe the patterns of the gastric myoelectrical activity, pre-and postprandially, in clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages, during their first two weeks of life by means of Electrogastrography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electrogastrography was recorded in forty-five clinically stable neonates of different gestational ages (group I: 15 neonates of >; 37 weeks, group II: 15 premature neonates of 32-37 weeks; Group III: 15 premature neonates of 28-31 weeks) receiving intermittent enteral feedings during their first two weeks of life. Electrogastrography recordings were performed for 1 hour pre-and postprandially. The Electrogastrography signal was recorded using the portable MicroDigitrapper Electrogastrography recording device and after motion artifacts were deleted, the remaining Electrogastrography data were submitted to quantitative analysis based on the "Running Spectrum Analysis". RESULTS: The percentages of normogastria, pre-and postprandially were greater than the percentages of gastric dysrythmias in all three studied groups. Furthermore, all neonates had the mean values of the Electrogastrography dominant frequency predominantly within the normogastria range, in both periods analyzed. There were no significant differences in the relative change of the Electrogastrography dominant power among the groups. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the Electrogastrography patterns are similar between premature and full term neonates during the pre-and postprandial periods. The results of this study also indicate that the gastric myoelectrical activity in premature and full term neonates is immature, as compared to that described for older neonates, children and adults.

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Published

2003-01-01

How to Cite

Precioso, A. R., Pereira, G. R., & Vaz, F. A. C. (2003). Gastric myoelectrical activity in neonates of different gestational ages by means of electrogastrography . Revista Do Hospital Das Clínicas, 58(2), 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0041-87812003000200005

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Section

Original Articles