Sonic anemometry and sediment traps to evaluate the effectiveness of windbreaks in preventing wind erosion

Authors

  • Alejandro López University of Almeria; Research Center on Mediterranean Intensive Agrosystems and Agrifood Biotechnology
  • Diego Luis Valera University of Almeria; Research Center on Mediterranean Intensive Agrosystems and Agrifood Biotechnology
  • Francisco Domingo Molina-Aiz University of Almeria; Research Center on Mediterranean Intensive Agrosystems and Agrifood Biotechnology
  • Francisco Javier Lozano University of Almeria; Research Center on Mediterranean Intensive Agrosystems and Agrifood Biotechnology
  • Carlos Asensio University of Almeria; Research Center on Mediterranean Intensive Agrosystems and Agrifood Biotechnology

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992x-2016-0148

Keywords:

streamline patterns, semiarid environment, turbulent flow, energy levels, olive

Abstract

The present work analyzes the effectiveness of windbreaks against wind erosion through the study of streamline patterns and turbulent flow by means of sonic anemometry and sediment traps. To this end, windbreaks composed of plastic meshes (7.5 m long and 0.7 m tall) were used. Windbreaks are a good means to reduce wind erosion, as they produce a positive effect on the characteristics of air currents that are related to wind erosion processes. Due to their ease of installation and dismantling, plastic meshes are widely used in areas where they are not required permanently. In our study, the use of a mesh of 13 × 30 threads cm−2 and 39 % porosity resulted in an average reduction of 85 % in face velocity at a height of 0.4 m and a distance of 1 m from the windbreak. The turbulence intensity i increased behind the windbreak because the reduction of mean of air speed on the leeside caused by the flow of air through the windbreak. Fluctuation levels, however, remained stable. The mean values of turbulence kinetic energy k decreased by 65 % to 86 % at a distance of 1 m from the windbreak and at a height of 0.4 m. The windbreak reduces erosion and sediment transportation 2 m downwind (2.9 times the windbreak height). Nevertheless, sediment transportation was not reduced at a height of 1.0 m and the effect of the windbreak was not observed at a distance of 6 m downwind (8.6 m times the windbreak height).

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Published

2017-12-01

How to Cite

López, A., Valera, D. L., Molina-Aiz, F. D., Lozano, F. J., & Asensio, C. (2017). Sonic anemometry and sediment traps to evaluate the effectiveness of windbreaks in preventing wind erosion. Scientia Agricola, 74(6), 425-435. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992x-2016-0148

Issue

Section

Agrometeorology